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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f8\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f10\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f12\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f14\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1201\margr5481\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2403\margrsxn5539\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw3067\colsr983\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb14\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 SKANDAGUPTA KRAMADITYA}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 261}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1201\margrsxn5481\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li817\fi0\ri0\sb191\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Skandagupta Kramdditya \i0 (455-67 \i A.D.)}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb220\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Initial troubles}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi450\ri40\sb176\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 It appears that during the progress of the Pusya-\expndtw2 mitra war Kurnaragupta I died, for when Skandagupta gained victory over his enemies he went to announce it \expndtw3 to his living mother "just as Krisna did to Devaki."\super 1 \nosupersub\expndtw8 Indeed, the Bhitari pillar inscription explicitly says \expndtw0 that soon after this conflict Skandagupta "placed his left \expndtw1 foot on the royal foot-stool"\super 2\nosupersub , i.e., ascended the throne. \expndtw6 But the course of his reign was not destined to run \expndtw-1 smooth.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li29\fi0\ri0\sb202\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex84\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Hfina Invasions}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li14\fi464\ri14\sb173\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Close upon the heels of the engagement with the \expndtw8 Pusyamitras followed a greater menace to the safety of the empire; this was the onrush of the nomadic \expndtw5 Hunas, who at this time began to pour down the \expndtw1 north-western passes like an irresistible torrent. At first, \expndtw-1 Skandagupta succeeded in stemming the tide of their ad\-\expndtw1 vance into the interior in a sanguinary contest,\super 3\nosupersub  but the \expndtw-1 repeated attacks of these savage hordes eventually under\-\expndtw4 mined the stability of the Gupta dynasty. If the Hunas \expndtw1 of the Bhitari pillar inscription are identified with the \expndtw-1 Miecchas of the Junagadh rock inscription, Skandagupta \expndtw6 must have defeated them before the Gupta year 138=}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1847\fi0\ri0\sb490\sa544 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 : srfawr}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1244\margrsxn5481\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw2117\colsr1199\colno2\colw2200 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi367\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-245\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2\nosupersub cf. \expndtw4 ally  differs from Fleet's.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li389\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-22\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 3\nosupersub cf.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li11\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex81\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs30 (C.J.J., npp. 54, 55.)}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li32\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 :" My translation materi-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb202\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\scaps\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 to}\par }